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Jamaica
Geography

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Location:


Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

Geographic coordinates:


18 15 N, 77 30 W

Map references:


Central America and the Caribbean

Area:


total: 10,991 sq km
land: 10,831 sq km
water: 160 sq km

Area - comparative:


slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries:


0 km

Coastline:


1,022 km

Maritime claims:


measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge of the continental margin
contiguous zone: 24 NM

Climate:


tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior

Terrain:


mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

Elevation extremes:


lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m

Natural resources:


bauxite, gypsum, limestone

Land use:


arable land: 16.07%
permanent crops: 9.23%
other: 74.7% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land:


250 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:


hurricanes (especially July to November)

Environment - current issues:


heavy rates of deforestation; coastal waters polluted by industrial waste, sewage, and oil spills; damage to coral reefs; air pollution in Kingston results from vehicle emissions

Geography - note:


strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamaica Channel, the main sea lanes for the Panama Canal


http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/jm.html#Geo